The assignment and employment of a health and safety coordinator is obligatory even during the planning. The planned construction of neglected safety elements, which in many cases were not taken into account during the planning, protection against falls, lack of an organizational plan is also the cause of the accidents that occur.
It is the customer’s task (all natural and legal persons on whose behalf the construction takes place) and the task of the designer and constructor to assign a health and safety coordinator . The integrated and preventive safety must be ensured during the planning. This means that these professionals help to design those structures (auxiliary construction structures: scaffoldings, ladders, mooring points for personal protective equipment ) into the building blocks which the devices for safe work can be attached to later. The coordinator can also check that the budget already includes a list for safety equipment. According to the above, the coordinators should be primarily involved in the creation and control of the security plan, so they can filter out the potential risk. If the coordinator do notice them, makes a suggestion to eliminate them. Without a safety and health plan, construction cannot begin. It can be stated that if the safety and health protection plan is not prepared before the implementation phase of the project or the health and safety coordinator is not appointed, the principles of prevention are not met. The coordinator should strive to obtain as much information as possible about the planning and, on that basis, to assist better the designers and contractors. According to the defined principles, the coordinators must check back whether the designers and contractors have met the safety standards to the maximum.
Compared to other sectors of the economy, construction workers are at particularly high risk of accidents therefore the occupational safety construction coordinator’s task is to inspect and coordinate contractors and subcontractors on the basis of occupational safety and participate in defining tasks that can be performed at the same time. Furthermore, the competence of the occupational safety construction coordinator guarantees the accident-free completion of the construction, which also contributes to the success of the construction work.
The task of a construction coordinator consisting of extremely complex, multifaceted tasks can be performed by construction coordinators with at least a high-tech technical qualification and professional experience. The health and safety coordinator must interpret the plans, technical specifications, identify the risks inherent in the construction activity and analyze them. (it is not a risk assessment as described in the Labor Protection Code “ Munkavédelmi Törvény” 54.§ )
This is an activity related to construction professional qualifications and construction specialization in Western European countries. Unprofessionalism and the application of dry laws, regulations, MSZ standards related to construction processes lead to misunderstanding, ignorance and chaos on the part of employees.
In the field of construction, the compliance with the rules and the development of the work culture, which have been systematized by the health and safety coordinator from the beginning and agreed with the contractor, can only lead to results.
The health and safety coordinator makes an entry in the e-main log and its attachments until the e-construction log will be closed ( based on the government decree 191/2009. (IX.15.) “Kormány rendelet” about the construction activity 27.§(1) d)). The reasoned proposals of the coordinator shall be implemented by the responsible technical manager within the manager’s responsibility for safety. This means that the comments made by the safety and health coordinator are passed on to those who actual take part in construction activities through the responsible technical manager. ( 4/2002. (II.20.) SZCSM-EüM regulation 3.§ (2)). The assignment or employment of the coordinator does not affect the responsibilities of the principal (employer) and the responsible technical manager as laid down in the rules on health and safety at work.
Coordinators, like other actors in design and construction, have a key role to play in helping to coordinate work in a safe and healthy way, setting conditions and preventing emergencies.
On construction sites, emergencies occur mainly due to the fact that many work processes take place simultaneously or directly one after the other. Europe-wide studies have shown that a significant proportion of accidents at work can be attributed to design errors, poor organization and incorrect coordination of works and protection measures.
Our aim is to reverse the misconception that the application of legal obligations and standards can mean a business, rather, we try to raise awareness that these obligations can provide physical protection for the employee and legal protection for employers.